Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Learn DSM IV-TR as well

Check the text and link below taken from FB, even in the US the application and implementation of DSM-5 remains a big issue in the US. So I hope that examiners for the licensure exam would be considerate enough to forego DSM 5 in the exam since it is relatively new. I wonder if Psychology professors and lecturers are themselves very much familiar about it.

Then there was this rumor, we call it since we were not in the orientation meant for teachers of Psychology subjects for the licensure exam and no one has verified it yet. Poor us doing self-review and not connected with any school now since most of us are not privy of what was told at the orientation.

So sariling sikap at tiyaga, we would like  to share some links and info about DSM IV-TR. Still to be safe as we have informed, learn the differences and similarities of DSM IV-TR with that of DSM 5.

So what is DSM IV-TR

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is used by clinicians and psychiatrists to diagnose psychiatric illnesses. Until May of 2013, the DSM-IV-TR was the most recent version of the manual. The DSM is published by the American Psychiatric Association and covers all categories of mental health disorders for both adults and children. The manual is non-theoretical and focused mostly on describing symptoms as well as statistics concerning which gender is most affected by the illness, the typical age of onset, the effects of treatment, and common treatment approaches.

The DSM-IV was originally published in 1994 and listed more than 250 mental disorders. An updated version, called the DSM-IV-TR, was published in 2000 and contains minor text revision in the descriptions of each disorder. Mental health providers use the manual to better understand a client's potential needs as well as a tool for assessment and diagnosis.

The DSM-IV TR is based on five different dimensions. This multiaxial approach allows clinicians and psychiatrists to make a more comprehensive evaluation of a client's level of functioning, because mental illnesses often impact many different life areas.

Axis I: Clinical Syndromes
This axis describes clinical symptoms that cause significant impairment. Disorders are grouped into different categories, including adjustment disorders, anxiety disorders, and pervasive developmental disorders.

Axis II: Personality and Mental Retardation
This axis describes long-term problems that are overlooked in the presence of Axis I disorders. Personality disorders cause significant problems in how a patient relates to the world and include antisocial personality disorder and histrionic personality disorder. Mental retardation is characterized by intellectual impairment and deficits in other areas such as self-care and interpersonal skills.

Axis III: Medical Conditions
These include physical and medical conditions that may influence or worsen Axis 1 and Axis II disorders. Some examples may include HIV/AIDS and brain injuries.

Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems
Any social or environmental problems that may impact Axis I or Axis II disorders are accounted for in this assessment. These may include such things as unemployment, relocation, divorce, or the death of a loved one.

Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning
This axis allows the clinician to rate the client's overall level of functioning. Based on this assessment, clinicians can better understand how the other four axes are interacting and the effect on the individual's life.

While the DSM-IV-TR is an important tool, it is important to note that only those who have received specialized training and possess sufficient experience are qualified to diagnose and treat mental illnesses. Clinicians also use the DMS-IV to classify patients for billing purposes, since the government and many insurance carriers require a specific diagnosis in order to approve payment for treatment.

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(posted 9 September 2014) 
Learn How Your Practice Will Be Affected
The fifth edition of The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was released just over a year ago, and yet many providers are still unclear as to how these changes impact their practice. The Psych Congress 1-Day Regional Meeting in Anaheim, CA is proud to present a principal session in our 2014 program, “DSM-5: Practical Overview of Changes,” to ensure all mental health clinicians are up-to-date on the universal authority for psychiatric diagnosis.
This session will:
REVIEW the new organizational structure of the DSM-5
EXPLAIN the rationale, implications, and manifestations of incorporating a more dimensional approach to DSM-5
DESCRIBE the background and practical implications of the forthcoming changeover from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) to ICD-10-CM codes
DISCUSS the changes being made throughout the DSM-5, including their rationale and practical implications
IDENTIFY the controversies surrounding some of the changes, including their pros and cons
This accredited session is part of the 12 CME/CE credits attendees can earn by attending the Anaheim co-located Psych Congress Regional 1-Day Meeting and International Bipolar Foundation’s First Annual West Coast Meeting. This session features expert faculty member Michael B. First, MD, editorial and coding consultant for DSM-5.
Maximize your mental health education by registering today for the co-located event and earn up to 12 CME/CE credits for as low as $99!
Each Psych Congress 1-Day Regional Meeting provides practical education aimed at improving the competence and confidence of mental health professionals in personalizing treatment

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